In the previous Unit you have learnt about the emergence of the new Religions and its contribution towards Indian Society and Culture. In this Unit you are going to learn about 16 Mahajanapadas, its nature and functions and also the rise of Monarchy in the Gangetic Plain. There
is a common notion that India witnessed only Monarchical type of government and the concept of Republican government was unknown to Indians. But evidences have proved that before the establishment of Monarchy in India independent states known as Janapadas existed in the 6th century B.C. The major part of North India was controlled by these Janapadas and also known as Republics.
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