The theory of Communism was expounded by Karl Marx, a German by birth (1818-1883) Communism is also known as Marxism or scientific socialism as distinct from up topian socialism which existed before Karl Marx. ' Das capital' and the ' communist Manifesto' are his two famous works dealing with the principles of communism. The Communist Manifesto' if regarded as the Bible of communism Karl Marx gave a scientific basis to socialism and for this reason he is called the ' Father of Communism' In a simple way, C.E.M Joad observes" Karlmarx is in a very
real sense the father of socialism. Communism is one of the varieties of socialism and represents the extreme form of socialism or revolutionary type of socialism.
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