Title      : BSO- 11 Introduction to Sociology
Subject      : sociology
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 24/392
Total Price      : Rs.      : 279
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Introduction, Definition, Scope, Subject Matter and Importance of Sociology Total views (1145)  
In this unit, an attempt has been made to explain some of the fundamental aspects of sociology that includes the definition and scope of sociology along with the subject matter and significance of sociology. Sociology has been described as one of the significant social sciences. It is said that Sociology appeared when it was realized that economics, history, political science and other social sci ......
Pages: 20
Price: Rs 0   
Origin and development of sociology; Fields of sociology Total views (1123)  
In the previous unit, you have understood the definitions, scope, subject matter and importance of sociology. In this unit, you will understand the origin and development of sociology. It is essential, to recognize the fact that any element of society has a brisk relationship with social structure and culture of society. History and tradition of any society has significant bearings on events of t ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
What the Founding Fathers Say? Total views (1113)  
This unit will help you to understand who the Founding Fathers of Sociology are and their specific contributions to sociology. These sociologists laid the foundations of sociology. This unit will acquaint you on how the contributions of early sociologists have made sociology a science. The founding fathers contributed to its scientific development by advancing new theories of society. They also g ......
Pages: 18
Price: Rs 13.5   
Nature of Sociology Total views (1116)  
In the earlier units you were made to understand the basics of sociology. This unit introduces you to sociology as a science. It is a discipline which seeks to apply to the study of man and society. It is based on the assumption that use of scientific method leads to a clear understanding of man's nature, actions and institution and also to the solutions to all practical problems that people encou ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
Relationship Between Sociology and Other Social Sciences Total views (1121)  
This unit, makes an attempt to illustrate the relationship between sociology and other social sciences. Sociology is a science, a social science and social life is the common subject matter of all the social sciences, which deal with forms and contents of human interactions. Social sciences such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, history, economics and political science are entirely independ ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
Sociological Perspectives Total views (1109)  
Sociology, for this reason, has not ceased to be a science. On the contrary, it has grown in to a discipline rich with insights. These insights have demolished many myths about the society. As Robert K. Merton and more recently Andre Betellie has shown, Sociology is based on common sense understanding of society but is much more than common sense. It provides us an in depth view of how social acto ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Basic Sociological Concepts Total views (231)  
After having studied the different perspectives of sociology in the last unit, you will study the basic concepts of sociology namely, society, community, institution and association in this unit. So it is necessary to know the meaning and nature of these concepts used in sociology.
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Social Structure and Function Total views (233)  
This unit will throw light on some further aspects of society. The social structure is an important part of society. Sociologists observe that the social structure is like the backbone of the society. The structure is complemented by social functions. Thus, the functions are the visible aspects of society as we are able to see the functions in the social actions performed by the members of the so ......
Pages: 19
Price: Rs 14.25   
Social Groups Total views (232)  
Sociology is the science that deals with social groups. A social group is a system of social interaction. When we speak of interaction, it is understood that there are at least two persons who take account of the other, not merely as a physical object, but as an individual with attitudes, expectations and the capacity to pass judgment. The action of each is based on the subjective meaning attache ......
Pages: 19
Price: Rs 14.25   
Reference Groups Total views (228)  
The term reference group denotes a cluster of social psychological concepts pertaining to the relationship between individual identities, social norms, and social control. Reference groups may constitute a group into which individuals are members, as well as those groups to which one does not belong. The utility of the term lies in its ability to provide an explanation as to how social groups inf ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Status and Role Total views (230)  
Our observation of social reality shows that norms, values, symbols and such other cultural components are not seen randomly in the society. Rather than being scattered they seem to cluster around certain social positions. The norms, values and rituals are normally position specific; there are very few norms and values that are universal in nature and applicable to each and every person of a socia ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Social Processes Total views (232)  
The term 'social process' refers to the general forms of interaction. The word 'process' stands for the sequence of occurrences and activities which becomes responsible for the change from one condition to another. For example, a sequence of steps and a group of related activities by means of which transition takes place from one social condition to another. The forms of social interaction like c ......
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Culture Total views (230)  
The word culture comes from the Latin word colere, which means "to cultivate, to till the soil". In medieval times, the term came to refer to the progressive refinement of crops - hence the term agriculture, for the art of farming. Later in the 18th and 19th centuries it came to be applied to the refinement of people. The German word kultur also referred to the attainment of high levels of civili ......
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
Related Concepts of Culture Total views (230)  
Our lives are made up of not only socially constructed world but also that of biological reality. Nature has created us in a particular way and how this particularity affects our social interaction is also equally valid ground of enquiry for sociologists. After all nature is modified by culture; it is because of this that whatever can be done in better manner than nature has come to be understood ......
Pages: 17
Price: Rs 12.75   
Characteristics of Culture Total views (230)  
Culture is unique possession of man. It is one of the distinguishing traits of human society. Culture does not exist at the sub human level. Man is born and brought up in a cultural environment, while other animals live in a natural environment. To say that every man is born in the society is like a saying that every man is born in its culture. The dictum man is a social being can thus be redefin ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Socialization Total views (233)  
In this unit, you will study the meaning, concept and characteristics of socialization, its aims, objectives, process, stages and forms of socialization. It tells us about what is learned in socialization and the extent to which seemingly inborn attitudes are cultural. We try to acquaint ourselves with the process by which individuals acquire the already existing culture of groups they become mem ......
Pages: 28
Price: Rs 21   
Agencies of Socialization Total views (234)  
Sociologists have identified two sources of socialization. The first source includes those who have authority over the individual. This category includes parents, teachers, elderly persons and the state. All these people or institutions have control over the individual. The rules of behavior are based on superiority, absoluteness and externality. Here, the relationship is characterized by constra ......
Pages: 21
Price: Rs 15.75   
Theories of Socialization Total views (236)  
In this unit you will study some of the important theories of socialization formulated by eminent sociologists. This unit also throws light on an important perspective such as "Individualization". This is a divergent view taken by some social thinkers who observe that individual is more important than society. They argue that there cannot be 'society' without the 'individual'. Therefore, it is th ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Heredity and Environment Total views (243)  
Individuals differ because they exhibit different personalities. It is because human personalities are made up of a unique combination of various physical and psychological traits. The biological inheritance, physical and social environment, learning of culture, social experience contribute to the formation of human personality. In other words, the two main factors viz. the heredity and the envir ......
Pages: 23
Price: Rs 17.25   
Deviance, Conformity and Social Control Total views (236)  
The present unit deals with the concepts of deviation, conformity and social control. An essential feature of social life is that it is possessed of a set of norms which regulate the behaviour of individual members. No society is completely succeeds in getting all its members to behave in accordance with the social norms. Some of them fail to conform to these norms. Failure to conform to the custo ......
Pages: 25
Price: Rs 18.75   
Social Stratification Total views (233)  
In this unit you are going to familiarise yourself with how society is stratified into different groups. Any cursory glance on the society around you, you find that it is heterogeneous in nature. There are the rich the poor, the industrialists the labourers, the landlords the tenants, the rulers the ruled. In this way, everywhere society is divided into various classes-economic, social, political ......
Pages: 20
Price: Rs 15   
Theories of Stratification Total views (229)  
This unit deals with the further study of stratification with the help of different types of theories of stratification and approaches to its further study. The Marxian approach is one of the important approaches which studies stratification through an analysis of class and power under the broad framework of the Communist ideology. Max Weber the well known German sociologist has also studied str ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Social Change: Concepts of Evolution and Progress Total views (238)  
In the study of change in society, sociologists have used different concepts to describe the process of change. Such related concepts are often referred to as 'kindred concepts'. Such terms include concepts such as evolution, progress and social change. All these concepts denote some type of transformation in society. The nineteenth century sociologists have made frequent use of these concepts. H ......
Pages: 17
Price: Rs 12.75   
Factors of Social Change Total views (242)  
This unit deals with the further study of social change. This unit brings out factors which are closely related to bringing about change in society, namely physical factors, biological factors, technological factors, cultural factors and educational factors. These factors play a very great role in changing social conditions. This unit also throws light on the role of the great leaders or social el ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   

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