Title      : MSc Tech 201 Solid Waste Management
Subject      : Environmental Science and Technology
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 16/228
Total Price      : Rs.      : 0
 
 
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Chapters
     
Land pollution,sources and their impacts Total views (447)  
Our earth is very precious as it creates favourable conditions for existence and development ofliving organisms. But today we use our renewable reasources of air, water, soil, and vegitation to sustain economic developments. Over exploitation ofnatural resources is visible in soil erosion, de forestation, siltation, floods and floral destruction. The deflection of these resources tend to be irreve ......
Pages: 12
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General controlling measures of Land Pollution Total views (446)  
Starting in 1970, signs of disease appeared on the planet: ozone depletion, global warming, acid rain, water pollution, air and Land Pollution. People began to understand the necessity ofadopting a responsible behavior towards nature. But human responsibility for environmental protection is so individual, especially collective, protection and support to undertake collaborative local, county, nati ......
Pages: 15
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Solid waste-sources and its classification, generation and quantification Total views (446)  
Solid waste is the unwanted and useless parts ofanimal and human activities which are basically solid. They can be arisen from agricultural, industrial and social activities. Solid waste is a consequence of life and it varies fi'om one society to other. In early time human consumed the eatih resource and he had not any problems about disposal ofits waste. Traditional composting and producing the f ......
Pages: 13
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Transport and collection of solid waste Total views (446)  
Collection is often the most costly component of the waste management system and a proper collection system design and management can reduce the cost significantly. One of the main planning decisions is whether the collection system should be operated by the public or through contract or private collection services. The final decision will ultimately depend on existing conditions and options for t ......
Pages: 16
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Methods of refuse processing,recovery,recycle and reuse Total views (467)  
Waste management practice that currently encompasses disposal, treatment, reduction, recycling, segregation and modification has developed over the past 150 years. Before that and in numerous more recent situations, all wastes produced were handled by their producers using simple disposal methods, including terrestrial dumping, dumping into both fresh and marine waters and uncontrolled burning. In ......
Pages: 16
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Aerobic and anaerobic composting Total views (470)  
Composting is the biochemical degradation of the organic fraction of solid waste material having human - like final product that could be used primarily for soil conditioning. The first significant development in composting as a synthesised process took place in India in 1925, when a process involving the anaerobic degradation of leaves, refuse, animal manure, and sewage were placed in pits.
Pages: 15
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Disposal methods like open dumping,site selection, sanitary land filling Total views (466)  
Disposal referred to the 'different treatments which are given to the waste for avoiding environmental & health hazards'. Success of Solid Waste Management System directly related to Disposal efficiency. Thus disposal is the "no alternative" option as it is the final element in the solid waste management system. It is the ultimate fate of all solid wastes, whether they are residential wastes colle ......
Pages: 19
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Leachate and gas collection system Total views (465)  
Leachate can pollute land, groundwater and surface water. Common toxic components in leachate are ammonia and heavy metals, which can be hazardous even at low levels, if they accumulate in the food chain. The presence of ammoniacal nitrogen means that leachate often has to be treated off-site before being discharged to a sewer, since there is no natural biochemical path for its removaL The best wa ......
Pages: 13
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Recent developments in solid waste reuse and disposal techniques, power generation Total views (466)  
Solid waste i s the unwanted or useless solid materials generated from combined residential, industrial and commercial activities in a given area. It may be categorized according to its origin (domestic, industrial, commercial, construction or institutional); according to its contents (organic material, glass, metal, plastic paper etc); or according to hazard potential (toxic, non-toxin, flammable ......
Pages: 14
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Best Management Practices as applied to solid waste collection, treatment and disposal Total views (466)  
Municipal solid waste is the normal refuse that is generated by residential, commercial, and institutional sources, as well as demolition, land clearing and construction activities. Management of solid waste in urban and rural land development centers on minimizing the need to dispose of wastes by following the 4 Rs principle-Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recover.
Pages: 8
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Role of various organizations in solid waste management-Governmental forums and nongovernmental, Citizen forums Total views (464)  
This unit deals with the various goals and principles and also scope of MSWM. This unit also explains the role of Households, Communities and other Service Users, Nongovernmental organization, Local & national government, informal private sectors in MSWM and also the role of external support agencies. The unit concludes with the explanation of citizenship forum with examples and the Assessments o ......
Pages: 16
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Community based waste management, grinders and Cutters, LCA based approach and cost based analysis with alternate systems, swot approaches, smart Labels, etc., public private partnership (PPP) in waste management Total views (464)  
This unit deals with the various significance of community and private sector in solid waste management, it includes the explanation of the role of municipal governments, formal and informal sectors, community based organization (CBO) and nongovernment organization (NGO). The unit also deals with the use of grinders and cutters in SWM, Different types of communiters and their application. The uni ......
Pages: 28
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Biomedical waste generation,segregation and collection Total views (467)  
This unit starts with the definition of bio-medical waste, sources of generation, its collection, and segregation. The unit also deals with the different categories of biomedical waste and treatment options accordingly. This unit also discusses the different color coding and type of containers used for the collection of the biomedical wastes.
Pages: 11
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Characterization and hazardous properties of biomedical wastes Total views (466)  
This unit gives a full detail o n the different characterization of biomedical waste and types coming under each category. The unit also discusses the various hazardous properties of biomedical waste i.e" Ignitability, Corrosivity, Reactivity and Toxicity. Finally this unit concludes with the discussion of health hazard associated with the poor management of the biomedical wastes.
Pages: 6
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Conventional and advanced methods of treatment of biomedical waste Total views (470)  
This unit covers the details on conventional treatment methods of biomedical wastes. Incineration being the most effective and efficient it is commonly used. This unit gives the complete details of incineration, its working principle and its different types. The unit also covers other various types of treatment methods like autoclaving, chemical disinfection etc. The unit finally covers the sanita ......
Pages: 11
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Disposal methods of biomedical waste recycling of components of biomedical wastes for different applications Total views (467)  
This unit discusses on the various disposal method for various types of·biomedical wastes. Different disposal methods for infectious waste sharps. Treatment and disposal technique for Pharmaceutical, Cytotoxic, chemical wastes and wastes with high heavy metal content. The unit also briefs about the recycling of components of biomedical waste and its uses in different application effectively. Fina ......
Pages: 15
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