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AU Environmental Impact Assessment and Management of Water Resources Projects Sem VI - Elective
No Units Titles Sub Titles Chapters
1 Unit 1 Ecological Concepts Overview : Environment, Ecology, Ecosystems Human Interaction - linkages consequences and management, Concept of sustainability , Ecosphere : Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, pedasphere, biosphere and interactions, Residence time of elements, Energy flow in ecosystems : Solar energy, trophic structure, Biological building blocks : Nutrients - Macro and Micro, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles, Ecosystems of the world : Terrestrial systems, Estuary, Marine and Wetland Systems, relationships within the ecosystems, Biotic and abiotic interactions, Nature's resilience, Biogeographic regions : Forests, grasslands, deserts, Biomass productivity, agroclimatic zones, Global ecoconcerns Climatic changes, greenhouse effect, ozone layer depletion VIEW CHAPTERS
2 Unit 2 Impact Assessment Introduction : Scope, Dams and Reservoirs, Channelisation, dredging, irrigation, hydro-power, flood & drought control projects, Illustrative Examples, Nature of Impact, Adverse and beneficial, reversible and irreversible, short term and long term impacts, Identification : Environmental reconnaissance, Environmental examination, and Environmental studies during planning, design and operation of projects, Attributes (Parameters) : Air, microclimate, Water, surface water and ground water, Land, erosion, salinization, waterlogging, subsidence, Ecology, Terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna, Human Aspects, Displacement, rehabilitation, noise pollution, project related hazards, Base line data collection, Prediction : Qualitative methods based on past experience, quantitative methods based on mass balance and∫C1 mathematical models, Assessment : Scoping, adhoc methods, checklists, matrix methods, index method, networks, simulation and modelling, environmental evaluation system, cost benefit analysis VIEW CHAPTERS
3 Unit 3 Management and Enhancement Measures Monitoring and Evaluation : Water quality standards, monitoring network and frequency of data collection, database management, Geographical Information Systems, role of Environmental management models, Rehabilitation and Resettlement : Provision for equivalent or better standard of living, cultural, social, educational and medical facilities, live stock management, forest preservation and enhancement, Contingent plans for unforeseen dislocation, Preventive and Remedial Measures : Saline, alkaline and waterlogged soils, extent, distribution and mode of formation, reclamation procedures, use of chemical amendments in alkali soils, surface and subsurface and vertical drainage system for saline soils, disposal of saline drainage effluent into water bodies, evaporative ponds and deep injection wells, desalinization by physical, chemical and biological treatment, reuse of saline drainage effluent, salt tolerant crops, agroforestry, aquaculture, Lining of water distribution networks, land levelling, On Farm Water management, sprinkler and drip irrigation methods, scheduling of irrigation based on crop water requirements, crop management, biodrainage, water pricing, reallocation of water to other sectors VIEW CHAPTERS
4 Unit 4 Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Water Transportation of ground water to water scarce areas, cycling and blending approaches, Soil and Water Conservation : Erosion control, contour bunding and terracing, pasture development, afforestation, checkdams, strip cropping, agronomic practices, recycling and reuse of water, water harvesting, Maintenance of Minimum Flow : Quality and quantity for downstream use, development of fisheries and recreational facilities, Health hazard Mitigation : Measures against water related diseases, vector control, risk analysis, Waste Land Development : Types of wastelands and their distribution, utilisation of wasteland for forestry, pasture, Major Legislation in Direct and Related Areas : Awareness of legislation in respect to water quality, waste disposal, air pollution, groundwater exploitation, forestry, wild life and other environmental impact parameters, Public Participation : Possible roles for individuals, communities and institutions, appropriate areas, public relations, aspects, role of local and outside leadership, nongovernmental organisations VIEW CHAPTERS
 
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