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Title      : BPS- 11 Political Theory
Subject      : Political Science
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 24/221
Total Price      : Rs.      : 161
 
 
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Chapters
     
Political Science - Meaning, Nature, Scope and Importance Total views (1128)  
Political science is a social science. It deals with the state and government. The importance of politics is quite obvious from the fact that today there is no aspect of human life which is free of state interference and there is hardly any aspect of our life which is not affected by politics, In this regard Robert A. Dahl says; " whether one likes it or not, virtually no one is completely beyond ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 0   
 
Methods in the Study of Political Science his Torical, Comparative, Empirical and Behavioral Total views (1068)  
A Systematic study of any science social or natural, requires a clearly formulated method of study. The natural sciences like physics and chemistry have developed for studying the phenomena within their scope. Political science does not possess such instruments for carrying on a systematic study of the goals, installations and processes of the state. Hence, the conscious adoption of proper method ......
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
State- Meaning, Definition and Elements Total views (1115)  
The State is the central theme of political science. Basically political science is a study of the state. Many other institutions, many other theories, and many other issues are taken up for study only in the context or back ground of the state. The state is the framework within which all processes of domestic politics take place. It is also the cause of conflicts for realization of national inte ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
Sovereignty - Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics and Kinds Total views (1115)  
Sovereignty, as we have seen in the Previous unit, is one of the constituent elements of the state. It is in fact, the most fundamental characteristic which distinguishes the state from all other human institutions. As a matter fact, we cannot conceive of a state without a sovereignty. The State alone is legally sovereign and absolute. Hence, sovereignty is essentially a juristic concept implying ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
Theories of Sovereignty - Austin / Monistic and Pluralistic Theory. Problems of Locating Sovereignty Total views (1134)  
John Austin (1790-1859), The English Jurist, gave an elaborate exposition of the legal theory of sovereignty in his book Lectures on Jurisprudence, published in 1832. His views are based on the teachings of Hobbes and Benthana though his theory is by no means the same. Pluralistic theory of state sovereignty is a reaction against the monistic/Sustin theory of state sovereignty which endows the sta ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Nature of State Organic Theory Total views (1111)  
The nature of state has been a subject of much controversy among scholars since earliest times and number of theories regarding the nature of state have been observed. These theories are to a large extend a reflection of contemporary influences and conditions. Some political thinker like plato and Aristotle regarded the state as an ethical institution. They held that the state was the greatest mor ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
Origin of the state - theory of divine origin, Force theory, patriarchal and matriarchal Theories Total views (249)  
One of the most baffling problems of political science is how the state originated. Men in the past speculated about the problem without finding any satisfactory answer. The origin of the state is shrouded in mystery. It has in the limbo of the obscure past. History does not help in any way in tracing the origin of the state because it came into existence long before history began to be recorded. ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Social contract theory -Thomas hobbes, John locke And J.J.Rousseau Total views (255)  
The Theory of social contract is as old as political speculation itself. This theory finds prominent place in the political thinking of both the east and the west. Kautilyas Arthasastra made a pointed reference to it, while the sophists described the state to be a product of contract between men. However, in modern times the theory received a systematic and comprehensive treatment in the writings ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
Historical or Evolutionary Theory of Origin of the State Total views (253)  
The origin of the state is shrouded in obscurity. In spite of a number of important theories of state origin, no single theory seems to be adequate. To quote garner, " The state is neither the handiwork of God, nor the result of superior physical force, nor the creation of resolution or convention nor a mere expansion of the family". It is a slow process of growth and evolution. The state did not ......
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
Rights - meaning and importance duties - meaning and Importance Total views (250)  
The Proper relation between the individual and the state has long been a problem which has baffled thinkers since ages. Whether individual or the state is more important, and what are the obligations of one against the other is a controversy that affects human life. Allegiance and rights are two inseparable facts of the relationship between the individual and the state. Citizens owe allegiance to ......
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Classifciation of Rights Total views (250)  
In the previous unit we have discussed that rights are those conditions or opportunities provided by the state for the development of individual personality. In a democratic society citizens enjoy different kinds of rights. The rights enjoyed by the citizen are broadly classified into two categories moral and legal. The legal rights are further sub-divided into civil and political rights. In addi ......
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Theories of rights - theory of natural rights, legal Theory of rights, historical theory of rights, social Welfare theory of rights and idealistic theory of Rights. Total views (256)  
The flow - and - flux of social institutions coupled with variant mental attitudes of the writers have given rise to different conceptions of rights. Various explanations have given rise to different conceptions of rights. Various explanations have been offered regarding the nature of rights. These have given rise to different theories of rights.
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Meaning,Importance and Theories of Law Total views (257)  
The state acts through its instrument the government, which interprets its will in terms of law. All individuals and associations shall obey law or suffer punishment as prescribed by law. Law can be regarded as the vehicle of sovereignty. The ordinary individual finds sovereignty as something which is abstract. But when he obeys law, he respects the sovereignty of the state without actually knowin ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Law and Morality-Meaning Kinds and Sources Total views (258)  
In this unit some of the basic concepts of political science, such as law, liberty morality,and their interrelationship are introduced. These concepts are commonly used in day to day life and their value in political life is very high.
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Relationship betwen Law,Morality and Liberty Total views (257)  
In this unit some of the basic concepts of political science, such as law, liberty, morality,and their interrelationship are introduced. These concepts are commonly used in day to day life and their value in political life is very high.
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
Safeguards of Liberty Total views (256)  
In this Unit of the basic concepts of Political Science, such as law. Safeguards of liberty, morality and their Interrelationship are Introduced these concepts are commonly used in day to day life and their value in political life is very High.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
Equality-Meaning,Important-Kinds Liberty and Equality Total views (256)  
In this unit some of the basic concept of political science, such as Law liberty and equality their interrelationship are introduced. These concept are commonly used on day to day life and their value in political life is very high.
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
International Law and Meaning Sources and Nature Total views (264)  
In this unit the nature, definition sources of international are explained, in the modern democratic system, it is very important to understand international law. Individual liberty, Equality and freedom.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
Democracy - meaning, nature, types, prerequisites, Merits and demerits Total views (236)  
Government may be classified in different forms depending upon the number of persons in whom the sovereign power is vested and the end of the government. On this basis governments may be classified into democratic and dictatorial. A dictatorial government is one in which the will of one person or a party prevails, and the source of authority is in a single person or a party. A democratic governmen ......
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
 
Communism-Meaning and Principles Total views (236)  
The theory of Communism was expounded by Karl Marx, a German by birth (1818-1883) Communism is also known as Marxism or scientific socialism as distinct from up topian socialism which existed before Karl Marx. ' Das capital' and the ' communist Manifesto' are his two famous works dealing with the principles of communism. The Communist Manifesto' if regarded as the Bible of communism Karl Marx gave ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Socialism - meaning, principles and kinds. Guilds Socialism, syndicalism, democratic socialism, Dictatorship Total views (240)  
The Theory of socialism is a protest against the individualism of the 19th century which was based on the institutions of private property and free competition. The socialists regard the state as a positive good and advocate the widest possible extension of its functions They aim at placing all means of production under the ownership of the community. Its main principles are abolition of capitalis ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
 
Individualism and Utilitaramism Total views (239)  
There are wide differences of opinion among political thinkers regarding the nature purpose and functions of the state. Accordingly there are many theories reflecting these differences of opinion. The most important theories explaining the sphere of state activity are 1) the theory of individualism.2) The utilitarian Theory and 3) The theory of welfare state. In this unit we shall discuss only t ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
The concept of welfare state -meaning features and Functions welfare state in the context of L.P.G Total views (240)  
The Modern state is known as welfare state. The idea of police state, prevailed in the 19th Century, was replaced by the welfare state. The concept of welfare state is essentially British in origin. It took its roots around the second world war when the government of Great Britain resolved to tackle the five giants facing the people want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. A series of measu ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
Social Justice-Gandhi and Ambedkar Total views (267)  
No society is free from inequality and exploitation. The concept of social justice has the objective of eliminating all inequalities and giving to all citizens equal opportunities in the social and economic affairs. The principle of social justice makes democracy significant, purposeful, meaningful and dynamic, without social justice, democracy is poor in its content. The concept of welfare state ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 


 
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