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Title      : BPY- 11 Basic Psychological Processes
Subject      : Psychology
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 23/338
Total Price      : Rs.      : 250
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Introduction to Psychology Total views (1059)  
Psychology is the science which studies the organism's behavior in a scientific manner. In the beginning psychology was the part of philosophy for more than 2000 years. Later in the view of trying to understand the human nature, his behavior, and the reasons and causes for these behaviors there arise a need and necessity of a new and separate subject so that more scientific research can be done to ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 0   
Methods of Psychology Part 1 Total views (1054)  
A theory is a well-established principle that has been developed to explain some aspect of the natural world. A theory arises from repeated observation and testing and incorporates facts, laws, predictions, and tested hypotheses that are widely accepted. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what we expect to happen in our study. For example, a study designed to look at the relatio ......
Pages: 26
Price: Rs 19.5   
Methods of Psychology Part II Total views (1056)  
A variety of methods are used based upon the need of the study . As human behaviour is complex and its components are varied so different methods need to be used. To understand individuals alone few methods like Introspection , observation caae study are used where as , when there is a need to study a large number of population or when data need to be collected methods like questionnaire and surve ......
Pages: 20
Price: Rs 15   
Biological Basis of Behaviour Total views (1057)  
The physical structure of the body plays an important role in the behavior of an individual. The most important physical structure for psychologists is the nervous system. The nervous system carries orders from the brain and spinal cord to various glands and muscles, it also carries signals from stimuli receptors to the spinal cord and brain. If you wanted to blink your eye a signal would be crea ......
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
Central Nervous System Total views (1056)  
The nervous systems is divided into two main parts: the Central nervous system and the Peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The spinal cord, about the thickness of a pencil, contains a bundle of nerves that leaves the brain and runs down the length of the back. It is the primary means for transmitting messages between the brain and ......
Pages: 16
Price: Rs 12   
Sensation Total views (268)  
Cognitive activities are those activities which helps us to gain knowledge and understand the surrounding environment by which we decide the way we have to behave. The basic cognitive activities starts with attention, concentration, perception etc for all these cognitive activities to occur the basic requirement is to receive the incoming information from our surroundings through the sense organs. ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
Visual and Auditory Sensation Total views (268)  
The sight of a breathtaking sunset, the taste of ice-cold lemonade on a hot day, the piercing sound of a stereo music, the soothing warmth of a steamy bath: Exactly how are we able to experience these events? All are based on ample processes occurring within the nervous system. This highlights an intriguing paradox: Although we are continually bombarded by various forms of physical energy, includi ......
Pages: 18
Price: Rs 13.5   
Attention Total views (268)  
The term attention is used in our day to day in various situations for ex. In the railway station when the announcement are done it starts with "your attention please" in the classroom the teacher uses pay attention to the students like this we come across various situations where our attention is called. Let us try to understand what actually attention means for a better understanding few defini ......
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Perception Total views (268)  
Perception (from the Latin perceptio, percipio) is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information. All perception involves signals in the nervous system, which in turn result from physical stimulation of the sense organs. For example, vision involves light striking the retinas of the eyes, smell is mediated by odor molecul ......
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Perceptual Processes Total views (272)  
The sensory inputs that people are constantly receiving come into their awareness as shapes, patterns and forms. People do not simply perceive the world around them as patches of color, variations in brightness or loud sounds. They see tables, floors,'walls, trees and buildings. They hear automobile horns, footsteps, and so on.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Errors in Perception Total views (272)  
Perception is a process where in the incoming information from various sense organs are being transmitted to the CNS and being interpreted with the help of the memory. Some times there may be something wrong in the interpretation which leads to wrong or mistaken perception. These are called as errors in perception. The various kinds of errors which occur in perception are being discussed in this ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Motivation, Emotion, Learning and Memory Total views (273)  
Motivation is something which makes the individual to act, or to carry out certain behavior which comes from within the individual it may be because of the thoughts feeling, emotions, reasoning or any cognitive or emotional factors which makes the individual to carry out certain act of behavior.
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
Emotions Total views (273)  
Every day life is filled with lots and lots of experiences and each one of it is always tinted with emotion. Man does many a thing just to satisfy these different emotions for ex. we make friendship, we search for new relationship, just to satisfy our emotions. We hate somebody or we show jealousy towards people this is also an emotion. We crave for new things in turn we search our happiness in t ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Learning Total views (275)  
In this unit we understand the term learning . The process of learning , learning takes place right from the birth each and every day we keep learning . Sometimes we learn according to the theory and sometimes we learn by imitation , an individual once learns always moves in a progressive way . Learning makes man to deal with things in a more good manner. The classical conditioning, operant condi ......
Pages: 16
Price: Rs 12   
Theories of Learning Total views (274)  
This unit gives an understanding about insightful learning, Observational learning ,Cognitive influence on learning, Role of Maturation and motivation on learning If learning has to take place the individual has to be prepared both physically and mentally that is maturation and motivation has to be there.
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
Memory Total views (274)  
Memory, in essence, is the retention of the information obtained and bringing it back to conscious level of mind. Without memory there will not be the trace of the experiences individual has had. There will not be neither any change nor improvement in knowledge, attitudes, behaviour etc. Therefore, let us understand in some detail how human mind and brain process and retain the experiences, inform ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Forgetting Total views (276)  
Memory and forgetting are the two ends of the same continuum. When you have the memory of the contents of the lesson obviously there is no forgetting. When you have forgotten there is no memory. Those people who have suffered scarcity, pain, poverty, separation, insult and frustration want to forget these experiences. But it is not possible to do so and psychological suffering continues. Divorce, ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Intelligence Total views (275)  
Intelligence is a term that has found universal application in so many varied fields of today's world. The history of of how this concept grew and evolved is fascinating. Although leading thinkers have been searching for a long time for any clues as to 'what makes us tick?' and ' what makes us smart?'
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Intelligence Testing Total views (273)  
Intelligence has been an important and controversial topic throughout psychology's history. In addition to questions of exactly how to define intelligence, the debate continues today about whether it can be accurately measured. While psychologists often disagree about the definition and causes of intelligence, research on intelligence plays an important role in many areas including policy decisio ......
Pages: 21
Price: Rs 15.75   
Personality Total views (272)  
In terms of psychology the personality includes the physical qualities like height, weight, colour, etc the mental abilities or the cognitive activities like attention, perception, concentration, thinking, reasoning and other, emotions is the one component which gives an individual a different way , mode of adjustment makes an individual to make himself adjust to oneself and to the environment, a ......
Pages: 17
Price: Rs 12.75   
Personality Assessment Total views (275)  
Personality differs from individual to individual personality is a complex thing it is difficult to understand and analyze an individual just by the means of observation or a questionnaire. No single method of personality assessment can explain an individual completely. So different methods and techniques of understanding personality is used depending on the situation and the factors needed to be ......
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Thinking Total views (270)  
The term thinking is often used to mean many kinds of Psychological activities - recalling the past, imagining the future, day dreaming, opinion etc.. Sometimes the term is used to mean the process of solving problems, Generally thinking occurs when we are confronted with a problems which demands solution or it occurs when something goes wrong with or around us, when everything is smooth thinking ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
Reasoning Total views (271)  
Reason is a term that refers to the capacity human beings have to make sense of things, to establish and verify facts, and to change or justify practices, institutions, and beliefs.
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   

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