Origin and composition of atmosphere, Fixed and variable gases, Mechanism of production and destruction of atmospheric constituents, Different layers of atmosphere. Temperature structure of the atmosphere - Vertical profile and horizontal distribution, Pressure (over land and ocean), Variation of pressure with altitude, hydrostatic equation, Relative and Absolute humidity, Density (over land and o ......

Spectrum of radiation (EM spectrum, Visible range, diffuse radiation), Black body radiation (Planck's law, emission curves for Sun and earth atmosphere), Absorption of solar radiation by earth's atmosphere (absorption and emission of radiation by molecules, absorptivity, emissivity, Kirchoff's law, reflectivity and transmittivity), Beer's law (derivation), Global energy balance for earth-atmospher ......

Atmosphere dynamics - Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches; Accelerated rotational frames of reference - Centripetal and Coriolis force, Gravity and pressure gradient forces (with derivation); Applications of Coriolis force - Formation of trade winds, cyclones, erosion of river banks

Logic states; Voltage range of high and low logic states; Number codes; Hexadecimal representation; BCD; signed numbers; Arithmetic 1's and 2's complement; Gray code

Logic gates and truth tables; OR gate, AND gate; Inverter (the NOT function); NAND and NOR; exclusive OR; exclusive NOR, Combination logic: Adders (full and half adder) & Subtractors (full and half)

Program structure in C, Constants and Variables, Input and output statements, Arithmetic and conditional operations, conditional structure, Looping structures, one dimensional Arrays, programs to solve linear and quadratic equations

Algorithms, modeling and simulation in physics, Errors in numerical calculations, Roots of an equation : Newton-Raphson method and Bisection method. Application using Bisection method for LCR transient circuit (to determine R for given values of L and C for a pre-specified rate of dissipation of energy), program in C

The method of finding derivatives analytically are well established when the functional relation between the dependent variable y and the independent variable x is known. However, in many practical situations like that of experimental data generated, the explicit relation between the dependent and independent variables is unknown

Euler method, Runge - Kutta II and IV order methods. Applications: Freely falling body in a resistive medium with resistance proportional to velocity, Projectile motion, LCR transient circuit, solution to Schrodinger wave equation for Harmonic potential (plotting wave function only)

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