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Title      : PDN-53 Family Nutrition
Subject      : Nutrition and Dietetics
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 22/124
Total Price      : Rs.      : 95
 
 
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Chapters
     
Importance of Nutrition before Pregnancy Total views (199)  
The first important matter for both mother and fetus is for the mother to enter pregnancy in optimal nutritional status. This means the mother must be receiving an adequate diet long before conception occurs. The reason, of course, is that all the nutrients the fetus receives will pass to it through the mother's placenta from nutrients in the mother's diet or from reserves in her body. In fact any ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 0   
 
Infant Feeding Patterns, Infant Formulae, Advantage of Breast Feeding Total views (200)  
The success of early nutrition depends on the choice of breast-feeding or bottle-feeding. The growth process begins during gestation continue at a rapid rate in the first year of life. Infant feeding practices should be considered in three overlapping phases: nursing period, when breast milk or an appropriate formula is the source of nutrients; a transitional period, when specially prepared foods ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Nutritional Requirements and Problems During Pregnancy Total views (203)  
Adequate nutrition before and during pregnancy has greater potential for a long-term health impact than it does at any other time. Maternal health is complex, influenced by various genetic, social and economic factors, infections and environmental conditions, many of which may affect the fetal growth. Infants, who are well nourished in the womb, have an enhanced chance of entering life in good phy ......
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Lactation - Physiology and Nutritional Requirements Total views (196)  
The nutritional link between the mother and the child continues even after birth. The new born baby depends for some period solely on breast milk for its existence. Sucking by infant initiates hormonal changes that lead to milk production and let down reflex, which releases milk. The process of lactation is also controlled by various hormones. Breast feeding imposes a greater strain than pregnancy ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Practices during Lactation Total views (200)  
Though breast feeding is a natural process and has been practiced since the origin of the species. Major changes in infant feeding practices have occurred over past 2 decades, there has been a global decline in the number of breast feeding mothers in recent years. In the past few decades, there has been a perceptible decline in breast feeding. The decline is documented in both developing and devel ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Infancy - Physiologic Development, Energy and Nutrient Needs Total views (228)  
The phenomenon of growth involves more than an increase in size; it involves changes in function and in body composition, which are reflected in nutritional requirements. These differences in requirements are seen particularly during the period of infancy. Initially, the infant drinks only breast milk or formula, but later begins to eat some foods, as appropriate. It is important to select such a ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Physiological Changes during Pregnancy Total views (231)  
During pregnancy, many physiological, biochemical and hormonal changes occur that influence the need for nutrients and the efficiency with which the body uses them. Beginning with the third month of pregnancy, total blood plasma volume is known to increase by about 3350%. At the same time, the increase in the rate at which blood filters through the kidneys increases the ability of the mother to ex ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Introducing Solid Foods, Special Care in Feeding Preschoolers Total views (230)  
As most mothers do not produce enough milk to meet fully the needs of their infants for growth when they are about four months old, then infants can be fed with supplementary foods. Many mothers now days give them earlier. This is not necessary if the baby is gaining weight normally. It is becoming evident that the nutritional status of the child during the first year of life and early development ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Childhood - Growth and Development, Nutrients Needs Total views (237)  
The period that begins after infancy and lasts until puberty is often referred to as the latent period of growth - a contrast to the dramatic changes that occur during infancy and adolescence. Although physical growth may be less remarkable and proceeds at a steadier pace than it did during the first year, these preschool and middle school years are a time of significant growth in the social, cogn ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Nutritional Concerns and Factors Affecting Eating Habits of School Children Total views (231)  
The school age period has been called the latent time of growth. The rate of growth slows and body changes occur gradually. Girls usually out distance boys by the later part of this period. The slowed rate of growth during this period results in a gradual decline in the food requirement per unit of body weight.
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Growth and Development Total views (236)  
Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods in human development. The relatively uniform growth of childhood is suddenly altered by a rapid increase in the growth rate. These sudden changes create special nutritional needs. Adolescence The period of transition from childhood to adulthood is called adolescence with accelerated physical, biochemical and emotional development. It is durin ......
Pages: 4
Price: Rs 3   
 
Energy and Nutrient Needs Total views (231)  
Recommendations for fulfilling the nutritional needs of adolescents arise from a small research base. Often the amounts recommended are extrapolated from studies in adults or children. Part of difficulty lies in the fact that studies of requirements must consider not only age but also the stage of physical maturity.
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Food Choices and Health Habits Total views (231)  
Adolescents are maturing not only physically but also cognitively and psychosocially, they search for their identity, strive for independence. Irregular meals, snacking, eating away from home and following alternative dietary patterns characterize the food habits of adolescents. These habits are further influenced by family.
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Problems of Adolescence Total views (231)  
Superimposed on the increased physiological demands for energy and nutrients for the adolescents are the many external pressures of teenage life. Because of social pressure and increased physical development, eating patterns may not be adjusted to actual nutrient needs. Changes in physical activity may significantly increase or decrease energy needs.
Pages: 4
Price: Rs 3   
 
Strategies for Improving Nutritional Well Being Total views (238)  
An individual's nutritional status reflects the degree to which physiologic needs for nutrients are being met. When adequate nutrients are consumed to support the body's daily needs and any increased metabolic demands, the person develops an optimal nutritional status. This status promotes growth and development, maintains general health, supports activities of daily living, and helps protect the ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Energy and nutrient needs Total views (226)  
Nutritional needs during adulthood are influenced not only by the present physical state and activity but also by long standing food habits and the many social, environmental, emotional and physiological stresses to which a person has been subjected throughout growth and maturity.
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Nutritional Status of Indian Adults Total views (227)  
Aging is a process of biological and behavioral change occurring due to post maturation. Because of the various physiological changes throughout adult life, nutrient requirement change as well. If an individual has consumed a well-balanced diet through the developmental years, there needn't be dramatic changes in terms of the quality or kinds of food eaten in adulthood; the same nutrients are esse ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Nutritional Problems in Adulthood Total views (240)  
There is no concrete evidence that anyone food or nutrient will increase longevity, but there is abundant evidence that the quality of nutrition throughout life is an influence on health and well being. Obesity, excessive intakes of salt, fats and sugar and inadequate consumption of fiber rich foods are all associated with chronic and severe disease conditions in the middle and later years and wit ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Nutrition Related Problem in Women Total views (239)  
It is widely accepted that the nutritional status of Indian women belonging to the low income groups is unsatisfactory. In traditional households, food is first served to men and children and women usually eat last. These two observations have led to the belief that in the matter of allocation of food within a family, particularly the economically disadvantaged one, the dietary intakes of women a ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
Energy and Nutrient Needs of Older Adults Total views (240)  
Old age is best defined as the age of retirement 60+ nutritionally a person becomes old from 39+ onwards. The process of aging brings about physiological, psychological and immunological changes which influences the nutritional status. Aging begins at conception and ends only with death. Heredity and good nutrition may slow the aging process so that the individual enjoys physical and mental vigor ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
 
Physiological Changes Total views (241)  
Aging is a normal process that begins at conception and ends at death. The physiologic changes can be influenced by life events, illness, genetics and socio economic and lifestyle factors. Therefore a person's physiologic age reflects health status but may or may not reflect chronology age. Disease and disability are not always imitable consequences of aging. The use of preventive services, elimin ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 
Food Choices and Eating Habits Total views (245)  
Changes in the eating habits of older people are brought about by modifications in way of life and in economic circumstances which often occur on retirement and by the increasing incidence of disease and disabilities which lead to alterations in dietary intake, absorption and metabolism of nutrients occurring particularly during eighth decade. In some instances there is an exaggeration in old age ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
 


 
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