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Title      : PDN-54 Dietetics
Subject      : Nutrition and Dietetics
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 20/209
Total Price      : Rs.      : 152
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Role of a Dietician Total views (210)  
Nutritional science comprises the scientific knowledge about nutrients their functions and requirements for healthy people. It also provides the basis for modification of diet suitable for diseased condition. It is realized that nutritional care can contribute to the course of a patient's illness. Patients with certain sickness are prone to be at risk of developing under nutrition. Therefore asses ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 0   
Objectives of Diet Therapy Total views (210)  
Diet therapy is concerned with the modification of the normal diet to meet the requirement of the sick individual. Normal diet is used as a basis for formulating therapeutic diets, because it emphasizes the similarity of physiologic and social needs of these who are ill and those who are well, but there will be quantitative and qualitative differences in requirements. Food preparation is simplifie ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
Nutritional Assessment of Patient Total views (212)  
Sooner or later most individuals will experience an acute or chronic condition that may require hospitalization. For a patient hospital can be a very frightening place. If the patient's condition requires therapeutic diets, then the usual food intake is not permitted. This may create a kind of fear in the patient regarding their condition. They feel lonely. They experience loss of love and self es ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
Rationale for Modifications of Nutrients Total views (209)  
The principles for diet therapy in many pathologic conditions are well known, and food allowances are based upon sound rationale. Allowances may vary according to ethnic and socio economic factors. In case of gastro intestinal disorder a low fiber diet is essential. In such conditions the meat may be given in a ground form, and vegetables and fruits are strained to remove the residue, Some patient ......
Pages: 33
Price: Rs 24.75   
Special Feeding Methods Total views (208)  
Feeding by tube may be required for a short period of time in a variety of circumstances, such as, surgery of the head and neck, aesophageal obstraction, gastro intestinal surgery, and in severe burns. For short term use the feedings are ordinarily given by nasogastric tube, but for long term use, the feeding is administered through a tube inserted into anew opening made in the oesophageus, stomac ......
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
Nutrition in Surgical Conditions, Burns and Kidney Transplant Total views (207)  
Significant advances have been made in the area of surgical nutrition. One should understand better the effects of stress on metabolism together with the development of various methods of feeding (tube or intravenous feeding) has made improvement in the nutritional status of patient both before and after surgery. Good nutrition prior to and following surgery ensures fewer post operative complicati ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
Correction and Maintenance of Fluid Balance Total views (215)  
The interchange that usually takes place between the body and its external environment and within the body between cells, tissues, organs, is dependent upon the fluid medium which is well regulated in terms of volume, composition and concentration. The electrolytes held in solution maintain normal osmatic pressure relationships, control nervous irritability and muscle contraction, regulate acid ba ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
PEM, Vitamin -A Deficiency, Anaemia, IDD and Other Related Conditions Total views (208)  
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) continues to be major public health problem in many developing countries. It affects mostly children under 5years of age belonging to the poor under privileged communities. The condition is particularly serious during the post-weaning stage and is often associated with infections. Infection and diarrhoea are the common diseases that precipitate severe PEM and deat ......
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
Food Allergy Total views (211)  
Hippocrates (460-375B.C) noticed that cows' milk was associated with gastric upset and urticaria. Galen (130-200AD) noted intolerance to goats milk and Lucretius (95-55 B.C) observed that what is food to one may be fierce poison to other. Conceiving/keeping in mind lucretius observation, the food from ancient time is being cared for its sanitation to avoid its health deteriorating effects. These h ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
Febrile Conditions - Chronic Tuberculosis Total views (209)  
Fever may defined as an elevation of temperature above the normal level of 98.6 F, and results from an imbalance between the heat produced in the body and the heat eliminated from the body. Fever may take place for various reasons amongst which infections are of especial importance. The length and severity of the febrile period depend upon the pathological conditions which have brought about the ......
Pages: 5
Price: Rs 3.75   
Febrile Conditions - Acute Total views (210)  
As already discussed, Fevers can be chronic or acute. In the earlier unit we discussed on chronic fever-Tuberculosis, and in this unit fevers (acute) which includes Typhoid, Pneumonia, cholera, measles, chicken pox and mumps are focussed. As in chronic fever, acute fever also leads to various changes in metabolism. The needs for various nutrients alters. Along with the medications, it is observed ......
Pages: 6
Price: Rs 4.5   
Weight Management - Overweight (Obesity) and Under Weight Total views (209)  
Fat storage was at some part of our evolution was a protective mechanism, for survival during frequent famine causing non-availability of adequate nutritional supply. In today's world, where food is plenty and majority of the world's population overeats regularly fat storage leads to obesity related disorders. Obesity is a chronic disease, prevalent globally among the affluent and sedentary subjec ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
Dietary Management for Disorders of Organs Systems: Gastro Intestinal Disorders Total views (209)  
Gastritis means an inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach. It can also occur as acute and chronic lesion. Gastritis can be generally caused by toxins of bacteria - i.e., poisons liberated from bacteria such as salmonella, staphylococcus. It can even be caused due to uremia. Intake of ethyl alcohol causes initiation of gastric mucosa leading to gastritis, certain drugs like digitals widely used ......
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
Diseases of the Liver, Gall Bladder and Pancreas Total views (209)  
Hepatitis is an infections disease, and it is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the liver cells. Two types of hepatitis have been identified they are viral and drug induced. Viral hepatitis is more common and can be either infective called type A or serum hepatitis called Type B. Type A hepatitis is mild and rarely progress to the chromic state, whereas, type B can lead to serious ......
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
Kidney Diseases Total views (208)  
The kidneys are the chief excretory organs of metabolic and products from the body, practically all the waste materials resulting from catabolism, except carbopdioxide which is eliminated by the lungs, are carried by the blood, to the kidneys where they are filtered and the .waste products are excreted.
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
Heart Diseases and Strokes Total views (207)  
Heart diseases are the major cause of death in western societies. In India, due to many industries coming up and change in the living pattern for the past 3to 4 decades, the incidence of cardiovascular disorders has been on the increase. Therefore, this has become a major cause of death especially in the adult male population. Biomedical research all over the world is directed towards prevention o ......
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
Diabetes Mellitus Total views (207)  
Diabetes mellitus ahs been known for centuries as a disease related to sweetness, and was called "Madhumeha" in the Vedic Sanskrit era. Diabetes affects millions of people all over the world. Until some years ago, diabetes was more common among people of the developed nations. However, with modernization having spread rapidly, there has been a change in life styles and eating habits, which has tur ......
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
Hypertension Total views (209)  
According to WHO arterial hypertension means chronically elevated systolic and diastolic arterial pressure: In hypertension systolic and diastolic blood pressure will be much higher than what is considered normal for age. Hypertension can occur at any age but prevalence will be higher at over 40 years of age. Hypertension must be recognized early and treated because it is a silent killer. It is al ......
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
Cancer and Aids Total views (208)  
Cancer is the most dreaded disease and is the second leading cause of death in most developed countries. Developing countries also have this problem, and the epidemic curve seems to be similar to that of developed countries. Cancer is thus one of the major health problems of the world. As cancer morbidity and mortality are high and treatments are expensive, prevention of Cancer is of paramount imp ......
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
Rheumatic Diseases Total views (209)  
Rheumatic diseases include more than 100 different manifestations of connective tissue and arthritic disease marked by degeneration, inflammation, pain and swelling of the joints. However, the most commonly occurring rheumatic diseases are osteoarthritis, rheumatic arthritis and gout. Arthritis is usually chronic, but may present as acute episodes. An acute attack is of short duration, but may rec ......
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   

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