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Title      : MHI-13 Constitutional History of Modern India
Subject      : History
copyright © 2018   : Karnataka State Open University
Author      : KSOU
Publisher      : Karnataka State Open University
Chapters/Pages      : 35/409
Total Price      : Rs.      : 298
 
 
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Founding of the East India Company and its Constitution Total views (197)  
The founding of the East India Company to carry on trade with eastern countries is an epoch making event in the colonial history of the modern era. The purpose of the Company was just to indulge in trade activities and earn as much profit as possible.
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 0   
 
East India Company's Relations with India and Princes Total views (193)  
The supreme concern of the Company in the beginning of the seventeenth century was to gain concessions from the local rulers and carry on trade. But due to legal compulsions, trade considerations and to protect their interests, the officers of the British settlements in India had to develop close relations with Indian princes.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
Government of Bombay, Madras and Bengal Provinces (up to 1773) Total views (206)  
When the East India Company was formed in 1600 nobody thought that some day in future, it had to create an elaborate administrative machinery and judiciary for the territorial acquisitions it made in clue course of time. However a beginning was made very early in constituting a small measure of administration of the trading factories that were founded on the coastal belt of India.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
Diwani Rights-Dyarchy-Consequences Total views (193)  
Perhaps the most important event in the history of British imperialism and the Indian constitutional development was the grant of Diwani rights to the English Company officials. This Diwani rights gave great political powers to the officials, which in subsequent years was consolidated to build the British Indian empire. The grant of Diwani rights led to the institution of the so called dyarchy in ......
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Parliamentary Invention-Regulating Act: Merits and Demerits Total views (192)  
The emergence of the East India Company as Diwani holder and the imposition of dual government in Bengal and the subsequent gross maladministration of the acquired territories was sure to draw the attention of the general public in England. This was also an age of lassezfaire and the clamour against monopoly trade of the Company at the end compelled the Parliament to regulate the affairs of the fo ......
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
 
Warren Hastings: Eastings: External and Internal Policies Total views (192)  
Warren Hastings was the governor of Bengal and from 1773 onwards was the Governor-General of the Company's territorial possessions in India, He occupied the centre stage of Indian affairs at the most critical juncture of Indian constitutional history. He was sent to Bengal to put an end to the anarchy created by dual government.
Pages: 15
Price: Rs 11.25   
 
Pitt's Indian Act and Parlimentary Control Total views (194)  
It is necessary to know in 1784, Pitt the younger, the Prime Minister of England, soon after the assumption of his office introduced a bill for the better control of the Indian administration by the Parliament or England. The bill was soon passed and came to be known as the Pitt's India Act.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
Cornwallis- External and Internal Policies Total views (201)  
Lord Cornwallis belonged to an aristocratic family of England. Before his appointment as Governor-general of Bengal, he had acted as the commander-in-chief of the British armies in North America in the American war of Independence. It was he who had surrendered at York Town and thereby brought to a close the war of American independence.
Pages: 18
Price: Rs 13.5   
 
Growth of East India as a great Territorial Power Total views (198)  
Adventurous European explorers discovered the sea route from western Europe to India and the far east via the Cape of Good Hope. Consequently the sea power began to reach the southern shores of India. Many European trading nations began to compete with one another in with one another in their quest for maritime supremacy.
Pages: 21
Price: Rs 15.75   
 
The Charter Acts, 1813-1853 Total views (194)  
The Charter Act of 1793 had renewed: the Charter of the company for 20 years. When the time for the renewal of the Charter arrived, there was a lot of agitation. The people demanded the ending of the commercial monopoly of the company.
Pages: 16
Price: Rs 12   
 
The Administration of Presidencies Total views (190)  
The Board of Control had paramount power in all, save commercial issues, but much depended on the strength of its president who came in practice to represent its authority.
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
 
Company's armed forces-Genesis and Growth Total views (196)  
In the latter part of the seventeenth century the ports of the company were usually provided with small detachments of European troops under an ensign, while the ships lent a gun room's crew to work the guns mounted for defence.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
Assumptions of India Government by the Crown- Causes and Consequences - Queen's Proclamation Total views (197)  
Thus, the Proclamation of the Queen was passed on November 1858 at Allahabad. In fact the Proclamation was called "Magna Carta of Indian liberties". The rule of the company ended and now that of the Crown in a direct manner commenced.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
The Home Government of India Total views (194)  
The Council form of government was unquestionably essential in the initiation of the important measures which accompanied the transfer of authority, including the reorganization of the legislatures, of the Courts and of the armed forces.
Pages: 4
Price: Rs 3   
 
The Central and Provincial Government Under Crown Total views (195)  
During Lord Canning's regime, for impatient of restraint he disliked Council government and desired to substitute secretaries whom he might consult collectively at discretion but decide at his own judgment.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
The Finances-Civil Services and Defence Total views (200)  
The transfer of power to the Crown brought with it essential changes in Indian finance. Final responsibility was how vested in the secretary of in Council and in lieu of the haphazard control by the governor general in council over the rest of India, a finance member of council became responsible in 1859 for the preparation of an orderly financial system.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
Foreign affairs and Frontier Policy Total views (194)  
Thus the foreign policy under the direct rule, Indian governments power was curtailed and transferred to London. Regarding the frontier policy the annexation of Punjab brought India into close relation with Pathan tribes under the Crown's government.
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
The Judiciary and Legal System under the Crown Total views (195)  
The growth of the Indian Judiciary presents a lengthy and Complicated matter of which, therefore only the more important landmarks may here be given. The increasing judicial powers were given to the Company s more people came under its jurisdiction and these powers which originally were to be employed in connection with the people of the territories falling under their control.
Pages: 7
Price: Rs 5.25   
 
The Indian States:Administrative, Political and Judicial Relations with British India Total views (199)  
Thus, the administrative, political and judicial relations of Indian Natives were under the direct control of the queen. Loyalty to the British Crown by the Indian Natives. The external relations of the states were subjected to effective control.
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Minto-Morley Reforms Main features-Dehli Darbar Total views (201)  
The period between 1892 and 1909 was one of storm and stress. The Viceroyalty of Lord Curzon witnessed a lot of agitation and discontentment in the Country. The same could be said about Lord Minto. The agitation against the partition of Bengal was widespread.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
First World War and the indian Unrest Montagu-Chelmsford Scheme Total views (204)  
The Minto-Morley Reforms failed to satisfy the aspirations of the Indians. The Muslims had secured the best consideration in the Act of 1909. But the British failed to keep even their sympathy for long. Ultimately the question of the constitutional reforms had to be taken up by the Government of India with the Home authorities more seriously.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
The Government of India Act 1919 Total views (203)  
Montagu came to India on November 10, 1917, discussed the matter with the Viceroy Lord Chelmsford and consulted some top ranking leaders of the congress and the League, and certain important officer of the Government of India.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
The Operation of Act of 1919 Total views (206)  
Thus the Act of 1919 was unfavourable to Indians. The congress party boycotted the reforms. There was a lot of confusion in the above said reforms.
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
 
The Simon Commission Report Total views (205)  
According to Section 84 of the Reform Act of 1919 a statutory Commission had to be appointed "at the expiration of the ten years after the passing of the Act for the purpose of enquiring into the working of the system of government and the development of representative institutions in India, with a view to extend, modify or restrict the degree of responsible government then existing in India".
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
 
The Round Table Conferences Total views (202)  
Thus, the Round Table Conferences played a dominant role in Indian politics. The First Round Table Conference was held on November 12, 1930 at James palace, London and was boycotted by the congress. The second round table conference was held in 1931 and the third round table conference was held in November, 1932.
Pages: 13
Price: Rs 9.75   
 
The Government of India Act, 1935 - The Federal Gov Total views (200)  
There are three characteristic features of a Federal Government, i.e. (1) Written constitution; (2) division of powers between the centre and the units (3) the provision of a supreme judicial authority which should decide disputes between the units and the centre and between the units themselves.
Pages: 14
Price: Rs 10.5   
 
The Provincial Governments under the Act of 1935 Total views (202)  
Apart from the Indian states, there were three types of territorial units in India as defined by the Government of India Act, 1935. The first was the chief commissioner's provinces such as Delhi and Ajmer, Marwara, in which the chief executive authority was the chief commissioner who was appointed by and responsible to the Governor-General-in-Council.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
Federal and Provincial Relations Total views (205)  
Thus, the introduction of federation replaces the complete control of the centre over the provinces by a division of authority. The governor-general may direct any governor to act as his agent in the province. The governor-general may agree with a provincial government. An agreement may also be made with any state.
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Railways, Defence, Foreign affairs and Civil Services Total views (209)  
Thus, in the railways the governor-general controls their conditions of service and tenure of office. Railway companies have made agreements with the secretary of state in council. Regarding defence full control over it is given to the governor-general subject to the secretary of state and the home government.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
The Judiciary-The Home Government Total views (206)  
Thus, the system of federation demanded for the creation of federal court. There should be a Supreme Court to hear appeals beside the federal court. The federal court should consist of a Chief Justice. The states should have high courts for the purpose of appeals are decided by the crown and the ruler.
Pages: 10
Price: Rs 7.5   
 
Operation of the Act at Central and Provincial Levels Total views (206)  
Thus, the operation of the Act of 1935 was functioning at Central Government and Provincial Government in India. The grant of provincial autonomy has necessitated a change in the system of loans. The central expenditure is largely on defence. Auditor General was under the control of Governor general,.
Pages: 11
Price: Rs 8.25   
 
Republican Constitution Salient Features Total views (205)  
Thus, the constitution on the whole incorporates .some of the latest features of the Working of the constitution in the World today- Nationalism, Centralisation, strong executive lead, secularism and a Positive or welfare State - and it is not, therefore, in any way a unique constitution from these angles.
Pages: 12
Price: Rs 9   
 
Federal Government Total views (207)  
The proper assessment of the federal scheme introduced by over constitution is that it introduces a system which is to normally work as a federal system but there arc provisions for converting it into a unitary or quasi-federal system under specified exceptional circumstances. The exceptions are unique and numerous.
Pages: 8
Price: Rs 6   
 
State and Local Governments Total views (208)  
Thus, the state and the local governments played an important role in the administration of the government. The governor, council of ministers, the advocate-general runned the government. The state legislature i.e the two houses legislative assembly and legislative council took the important decisions like the passing of bills etc.
Pages: 9
Price: Rs 6.75   
 
Union and State Relations Total views (211)  
Thus, the President, Vice-President, Council of Ministers, Attorney-General, Rajya Sabha, Loka Sabha form the union of India. There is need for co-ordination between the units of the federation and the directions by the union to state governments. There is close relationship between the union and state government in India.
Pages: 22
Price: Rs 16.5   
 


 
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